Public Health Benefits of Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions: Urban Land Transport

This study uses Comparative Risk Assessment methods to estimate the health effects of alternative urban land transport scenarios for London, UK and Delhi, India.

  • Transport-related greenhouse-gas emissions are increasing, with a rapid growth projection in low-income and middle-income countries.
  • Increase in the distances walked and cycled would lead to large health benefits.
  • Creation of safe urban environments for mass active travel will require prioritization of the needs of pedestrians and cyclists over those of motorists. Walking or cycling should become the most direct, convenient, and pleasant option for most urban trips.

Woodcock, James, Edwards, Phil, Tonne, Cathryn, Armstrong, Ben G., Ashiru, Olu, Banister, David, et al. “Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: urban land transport” The Lancet. 374 (2009): 1930-1943.

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